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Philosophy as Therapy

 

 

Philosopher

.

Aspect of reality

Adaptation

Conceptual Model

Buddha

Impermanence

Suffering

Non-self

Selfless and retreat-

oriented life

Soteriological model

Roman Stoics

Universal (divine) law

 

.

Mystical absorption in the

the structure of society

Pantheistic model

Nietzsche

Survival of the fittest

 

.

Creative and

competitive life

Evolutionary model

Freud

Unconscious biological drives and moral norms

.

Mediation between the pressure of desires and moral norms

Conflict model

Wittgenstein

Genealogy of language

Forms of life

.

Discloses all

adaptations

 

Aesthetic Model